Stainless Steel Coupling Gear Rigid Roller Chain Fluid Tyre Grid Jaw Spider HRC Nm Motor Flange Gear Pump Rubber Spline Shaft Flexible Universal Joint Coupling
Coupling refers to a device that connects 2 shafts or shafts and rotating parts, rotates together during the transmission of motion and power, and does not disengage under normal conditions. Sometimes it is also used as a safety device to prevent the connected parts from bearing excessive load, which plays the role of overload protection.
Couplings can be divided into rigid couplings and flexible couplings.
Rigid couplings do not have buffering property and the ability to compensate the relative displacement of 2 axes. It is required that the 2 axes be strictly aligned. However, such couplings are simple in structure, low in manufacturing cost, convenient in assembly and disassembly, and maintenance, which can ensure that the 2 axes are relatively neutral, have large transmission torque, and are widely used. Commonly used are flange coupling, sleeve coupling and jacket coupling.
Flexible coupling can also be divided into flexible coupling without elastic element and flexible coupling with elastic element. The former type only has the ability to compensate the relative displacement of 2 axes, but cannot cushion and reduce vibration. Common types include slider coupling, gear coupling, universal coupling and chain coupling; The latter type contains elastic elements. In addition to the ability to compensate the relative displacement of 2 axes, it also has the functions of buffering and vibration reduction. However, due to the strength of elastic elements, the transmitted torque is generally inferior to that of flexible couplings without elastic elements. Common types include elastic sleeve pin couplings, elastic pin couplings, quincunx couplings, tire type couplings, serpentine spring couplings, spring couplings, etc
1) Mobility. The movability of the coupling refers to the ability to compensate the relative displacement of 2 rotating components. Factors such as manufacturing and installation errors between connected components, temperature changes during operation and deformation under load all put CZPT requirements for mobility. The movable performance compensates or alleviates the additional load between shafts, bearings, couplings and other components caused by the relative displacement between rotating components.
(2) Buffering. For the occasions where the load is often started or the working load changes, the coupling shall be equipped with elastic elements that play the role of cushioning and vibration reduction to protect the prime mover and the working machine from little or no damage.
(3) Safe, reliable, with sufficient strength and service life.
(4) Simple structure, easy to assemble, disassemble and maintain.
How to select the appropriate coupling type
The following items should be considered when selecting the coupling type.
1. The size and nature of the required transmission torque, the requirements for buffering and damping functions, and whether resonance may occur.
2. The relative displacement of the axes of the 2 shafts is caused by manufacturing and assembly errors, shaft load and thermal expansion deformation, and relative movement between components.
3. Permissible overall dimensions and installation methods, and necessary operating space for assembly, adjustment and maintenance. For large couplings, they should be able to be disassembled without axial movement of the shaft.
In addition, the working environment, service life, lubrication, sealing, economy and other conditions should also be considered, and a suitable coupling type should be selected by referring to the characteristics of various couplings.
If you cannot determine the type, you can contact our professional engineer
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Our leading products are mechanical transmission basic parts – couplings, mainly including universal couplings, drum gear couplings, elastic couplings and other 3 categories of more than 30 series of varieties. It is widely used in metallurgical steel rolling, wind power, hydropower, mining, engineering machinery, petrochemical, lifting, paper making, rubber, rail transit, shipbuilding and marine engineering and other industries.
Our factory takes the basic parts of national standards as the benchmark, has more than 40 years of coupling production experience, takes “scientific management, pioneering and innovation, ensuring quality and customer satisfaction” as the quality policy, and aims to continuously provide users with satisfactory products and services. The production is guided by reasonable process, and the ISO9001:2015 quality management system standard is strictly implemented. We adhere to the principle of continuous improvement and innovation of coupling products. In recent years, it has successfully developed 10 national patent products such as SWF cross shaft universal coupling, among which the double cross shaft universal joint has won the national invention patent, SWF cross shaft universal coupling has won the new product award of China’s general mechanical parts coupling industry and the ZHangZhoug Province new product science and technology project.
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Key Parameters in Designing a Fluid Coupling System
Designing a fluid coupling system requires careful consideration of various parameters to ensure optimal performance and efficiency. Here are the key parameters to take into account:
- Power Rating: Determine the power requirements of the connected equipment to select a fluid coupling with an appropriate power rating. Undersized couplings may lead to overheating and premature wear, while oversized couplings can result in energy losses.
- Input and Output Speeds: Consider the rotational speeds of the input and output shafts to ensure the fluid coupling can accommodate the desired speed range without slipping or exceeding its limitations.
- Torque Capacity: Calculate the maximum torque expected in the system and choose a fluid coupling with a torque capacity that exceeds this value to handle occasional overloads and prevent damage.
- Fluid Viscosity: The viscosity of the fluid inside the coupling affects its torque transmission capabilities. Select a fluid viscosity suitable for the application and operating conditions.
- Start-Up and Load Conditions: Analyze the start-up torque and load variations during operation. The fluid coupling should be capable of handling these conditions without excessive slip or stress on the drivetrain.
- Environmental Factors: Consider the ambient temperature, humidity, and potential exposure to contaminants. Ensure the fluid coupling’s materials and sealing mechanisms can withstand the environmental conditions.
- Size and Weight: Optimize the size and weight of the fluid coupling to minimize space requirements and facilitate installation and maintenance.
- Torsional Resonance: Evaluate torsional resonances in the system and select a fluid coupling with appropriate damping characteristics to mitigate vibrations.
- Overload Protection: Determine if overload protection features, such as slip or torque limiting, are necessary to safeguard the connected equipment from damage.
- Compatibility: Ensure the fluid coupling is compatible with the specific application, including the type of driven equipment, its mechanical characteristics, and any other interrelated components in the drivetrain.
- Operational Costs: Consider the long-term operational costs, maintenance requirements, and efficiency of the fluid coupling to optimize the overall lifecycle cost of the system.
- Safety Standards: Adhere to relevant safety standards and regulations in the design and installation of the fluid coupling system to ensure safe and reliable operation.
By carefully evaluating these parameters and selecting a fluid coupling that aligns with the specific requirements of the application, engineers can design a reliable and efficient fluid coupling system for various industrial and power transmission applications.
Temperature Limitations of Fluid Couplings
Fluid couplings, like any mechanical component, have temperature limitations that must be considered to ensure their proper and safe operation. The temperature limitations of fluid couplings are influenced by the type of fluid used inside the coupling, the ambient operating conditions, and the specific design and construction of the coupling.
The primary concern regarding temperature is the heat generated during the operation of the fluid coupling. The heat is a result of friction and fluid shear within the coupling as it transmits power between the input and output shafts. Excessive heat generation can lead to the degradation of the fluid, affecting the performance and longevity of the coupling.
As a general guideline, most fluid couplings are designed to operate within a temperature range of -30°C to 80°C (-22°F to 176°F). However, the actual temperature limitations may vary depending on the manufacturer and the application requirements. For specific industrial applications where high-temperature environments are common, fluid couplings with higher temperature tolerances may be available.
It is crucial to consider the operating environment and the power demands of the machinery when selecting a fluid coupling. In applications with extreme temperatures, additional cooling mechanisms such as external cooling fins or cooling water circulation may be employed to maintain the fluid coupling within its safe operating temperature range.
Exceeding the recommended temperature limits can lead to premature wear, reduced efficiency, and even mechanical failure of the fluid coupling. Regular monitoring of the operating temperature and following the manufacturer’s guidelines for maintenance and fluid replacement can help ensure the longevity and reliability of the fluid coupling.
Always consult with the manufacturer or a qualified engineer to determine the specific temperature limitations and suitability of the fluid coupling for your particular application.
Comparison: Fluid Coupling vs. Torque Converter
Fluid couplings and torque converters are both hydrodynamic devices used in automotive and industrial applications to transmit power between an engine and a driven load. While they share some similarities, they also have distinct differences:
- Function: The primary function of both fluid couplings and torque converters is to transmit rotational power from the engine to the transmission or driven load. They allow for smooth power transmission and provide a degree of isolation between the engine and the load.
- Construction: Both devices consist of an impeller, a turbine, and a housing filled with hydraulic fluid (usually oil). The impeller is connected to the engine’s crankshaft, the turbine to the transmission/input shaft, and the housing is shared between the two.
- Torque Transmission: In a fluid coupling, the power is transmitted purely through hydrodynamic principles. The impeller accelerates the fluid, which then drives the turbine. However, there is no torque multiplication, and the output speed is always slightly less than the input speed. On the other hand, a torque converter can provide torque multiplication due to its stator, which redirects the fluid flow and increases the torque transmitted to the turbine.
- Lock-up Clutch: Some torque converters have a lock-up clutch that can mechanically connect the impeller and the turbine at higher speeds. This effectively eliminates the slip between the two elements and increases overall efficiency, similar to the operation of a fluid coupling at higher speeds.
- Automotive Use: Torque converters are commonly used in automatic transmissions in vehicles, while fluid couplings were more prevalent in older manual transmissions. However, modern manual transmissions generally use clutch systems instead of fluid couplings.
- Efficiency: Fluid couplings are generally more efficient than torque converters, especially at higher speeds. Torque converters can experience efficiency losses due to fluid slippage and the operation of the stator.
- Applications: Fluid couplings find applications in various industrial machinery, such as conveyors, pumps, and crushers, where the priority is smooth power transmission and overload protection. Torque converters are primarily used in vehicles, offering the benefit of automatic gear shifting and torque multiplication during acceleration.
Overall, both fluid couplings and torque converters play essential roles in power transmission, but their specific design and application characteristics determine their suitability for different use cases.
editor by CX 2023-09-08